TMJ and Myofascial Pain Syndrome Animation
The temporomandibular joint â€“ the TMJ is the joint between the lower jawbone the mandible and the temporal bone of the skull. The TMJ is responsible for jaw movement and enables chewing, talking and yawning. Temporomandibular disorders, or TMD, refer to a group of conditions characterized by pain in the jaw area and limited movement of the mandible. TMD may be caused by problems in the joint itself or in the muscles surrounding the joint. Problems in the joint include: arthritis, inflammation and internal derangements. When the problem is in the muscles, the condition is called myofascial pain syndrome. Myofascial pain syndrome is very common and can occur in patients with a normal temporomandibular.
Joint. The syndrome is characterized by presence of hyperirritable spots located in skeletal muscles called trigger points. A trigger point can be felt as a nodule of muscle with harder than normal consistency. Palpation of trigger points may elicit pain in a different location. This is called referred pain. Trigger points are developed as a result of muscle overuse. Commonly, the muscles of chewing, or mastication, are overworked when patients excessively clench or grind their teeth unconsciously during sleep. The medical term for this condition is â€œnocturnal bruxismâ€�. A trigger point is composed of many contraction knots where individual muscle fibers contract and cannot relax. The sustained contraction of muscle.
Sarcomeres compresses local blood supply, resulting in energy shortage of the area. This metabolic crisis activates pain receptors, generating a regional pain pattern that follows a specific nerve passage. The pain patterns are therefore consistent and are well documented for various muscles. Trigger points in the masseter refer pain to the cheeks, lower jaw, upper and lower molar teeth, eyebrow, inside the ear and around the TMJ area. Trigger points in the temporalis are also associated with headache and toothache from upper teeth. The main culprits of myofascial pain in the TMJ area are the pterygoid muscles. Trigger points in medial pterygoid refer pain to the TMJ region in front of the ear, inside.
The mouth and upper outside of the neck. They may also manifest as sore throat and difficulty swallowing. Pain from lateral pterygoid trigger points can be felt in front of the ear and on the upper jaw. Treatments aim to address bruxism, to relieve muscle spasm and release trigger points. Treatment options include: Therapies: stress management, behavior therapy, biofeedback to encourage relaxation. Dental night guards: Splints and mouth guards to protect the teeth from damage. Medication: pain relievers, muscle relaxants, botox injections. Trigger points release techniques such as needling and â€œspray and stretchâ€�.
TMJ Exercises Stretches to Relieve Jaw Pain Ask Jo
Hey everybody, it’s Jo. I got an email from Barry and he was having some TMJ pain. TMJ stands for temporomandibular joint which is your jaw joint right there. And I’m gonna show you today just some simple stretches and strengthening exercises to get that TMJ feeling better. So we’re just gonna start off, you want to start off gently with these exercises, you don’t want to push very hard because this joint is small and it can get irritated very quickly. The first one you wanna do is you’re gonna use the palm of your hand so you’re not pushing with your fingers, but you’re using just your palm. You’re gonna put your palm on one side, doesn’t matter because we’re gonna do both. And you gonna keep your.
Mouth and teeth aligned. So the jaw stays in one spot, your teeth stay aligned so they’re not going back and forth like that. You’re gonna keep it nice and still and you’re gonna push your palm in that way. And just hold it in place. A nice little 5 second push. Good. See how my jaw’s not actually moving but I’m just putting gentle pressure on one side. Then after your do that maybe 35 times, 5 seconds a piece, then you’re gonna switch and do the same thing on the other side. So make sure you don’t just do one side and not the other side cause you wanna keep it even. The next one really simply, you’re gonna open your mouth just a little bit and put your fingers inside but make sure you don’t bite.
Your fingers. You’re not biting, your keeping again your jaw still and pushing pressure down this time. So you’re gonna put your fingers in your mouth on your bottom teeth, and just push down. See again my jaw’s not moving. I’m not stretching it open, I’m keeping it in one spot. Again just start off with about 5 seconds of gentle pushing and do that about 5 times. The last one is to stretch out the join back here. You’re going to put your palm on your chin and just push straight back. Again you wanna make sure that your teeth are in alignment. If your teeth are over here or over here and your moving it, you’re going to irritate that joint. So just palm on the chin. And relax your jaw. And push straight.
Back. So those are the exercises to strengthen and stretch out your TMJ joint if you’re having some pain in your jaw. Just start off with about 5 seconds and then build your way up, but make sure your not pushing too hard. These are gentle stretches for that small joint in your jaw. If you have any questions, please leave them in the comments section. And if you’d like to check out some more tutorials go to AskJo . Be safe. Have fun. And I hope you feel better soon!.