The temporomandibular joint the tmj is the joint between the lower jawbone the mandible and the temporal bone of the skull. The TMJ is responsible for jaw movement and is the most used joint in the body. The TMJ is essentially the articulation between the condyle of the mandible and the mandibular fossa a socket in the temporal bone. The unique feature of the TMJ is the articular disc a flexible and elastic cartilage that serves as a cushion between the two bone surfaces. The disc lacks nerve endings and blood vessels.
In its center and therefore is insensitive to pain. anteriorly it attaches to lateral pterygoid muscle a muscle of chewing. Posteriorly it continues as retrodiscal tissue fully supplied with blood vessels and nerves. The mandible is the only bone that moves when the mouth opens. The first 20 mm opening involves only a rotational movement of the condyle within the socket. For the mouth to open wider, the condyle and the disc have to move out of the socket, forward and down the articular eminence, a convex bone surface located anteriorly.
To the socket . this movement is called translation. The most common disorder of the TMJ is disc displacement, and in most of the cases, the disc is dislocated anteriorly. As the disc moves forward, the retrodiscal tissue is pulled in between the two bones. This can be very painful as this tissue is fully vascular and innervated, unlike the disc. The forward dislocated disc forms an obstacle.
For the condyle movement when the mouth is opening. in order to fully open the jaw, the condyle has to jump over the back end of the disc and onto its center. This produces a clicking or popping sound. Upon closing, the condyle slides back out of the disc hence another click or pop. This condition is called disc displacement with reduction . In later stage of disc dislocation, the condyle stays behind the disc all the time, unable to get back onto the disc, the clicking sound disappeared but mouth opening is limited.
This is usually the most symptomatic stage the jaw is said to be locked as it is unable to open wide. At this stage the condition is called disc displacement without reduction Fortunately, in majority of the cases, the condition resolves by itself after some time. This is thanks to a process called natural adaptation of the retrodiscal tissue, which after a while becomes scar tissue and can functionally replace the disc. In fact, it becomes so similar to the disc that it is called a pseudodisc.
Rheumatoid Arthritis How to Treat Arthritis Naturally Home Remedies for Rheumatoid Arthritis
How to get rid of arthritis arthritis is a joint pain in your fingers, hands, knees, elbows, hips, jaw or any other place where there is a union between the bones. It is an inflammation of the joints, either one or more in your body. Pain, stiffness, swelling, redness, decreased the range of motion are some of the symptoms of arthritis. There are many different forms of arthritis, and there is no cure for this disease, but there is a possibility to control and make our life without problems. Fortunately, there.
Are some useful home remedies to treat arthritis. Turmeric Turmeric, a yellow spice that contains a potent compound called curcumin, which helps heal inflammation. It is primarily used to reduce pain and swelling in people who are suffering from arthritis. Therefore, take turmeric regularly, either in capsules or water turmeric or turmeric cooked or turmeric mixed in warm milk and drink this milk before going to bed for sleep.
To gain control over pain. Apple cider vinegar Apple cider vinegar is rich in calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus which are essential to relieve joint pain. So, grab a cup of warm water and add a teaspoon of ACV and honey in it. Mix it with water and drink it in the morning to remove toxins build up in the joints and connective tissues.
Ginger Ginger can increase blood flow and also acts as antiinflammatory eliminating inflammatory chemicals away from painful joints. Therefore, consuming ginger regularly helps a lot to cure arthritis. Take half a teaspoon of ginger powder or 30 grams (about six teaspoons) of fresh ginger once a day. Green Tea.
Green tea contains a chemical compound called quercetin, a powerful antiinflammatory and antioxidant to prevent or alleviate the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis. According to the Study of Women’s Health in Iowa, it is clear that women who drank three or more cups of this green tea per day are 60 percent less likely to develop Rheumatoid Arthritis and its symptoms rather than women who do not drink this green tea. Therefore, drink it regularly at regular intervals to get rid of this problem.
Cinnamon Cinnamon helps give relief from arthritis pain and symptoms. Therefore, take a half teaspoon of cinnamon powder and one tablespoon of honey. Mix these two in a cup of warm water and drink this regularly in the morning on an empty stomach. Cloves Cloves have an inflammatory chemical called eugenol against which helps heal the pain.
Of arthritis. it also contains antioxidants that give relief from pain and inflammation that was caused by arthritis. Therefore, intake of teeth in any way challenging helps you a lot in reducing pain. Alfalfa Alfalfa is one of the herbs that are rich in minerals and helps regulate pH levels to cure people suffering from arthritis. You can make a tea by adding some alfalfa seeds.
In a cup of boiling water and allowed to stir and let stand for a few minutes. then strain the tea and drink twice a day for about 2 to 3 weeks to reduce inflammation. Massage Regular massage helps arthritic joints to reduce pain and stiffness. Massage will help to improve their movement and makes you feel better to do the job. First, consult your and then proceed to work with your physical therapist or massage therapist.